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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 31

The effect of breastfeeding on children's growth indices up to 6 months: An application of multivariate t linear mixed model

1 Department of Statistics, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Department of Mathematics, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kambiz Ahmadi Angali
Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jrms.jrms_75_22

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Background: This study aimed to determine the effect of breastfeeding on children's growth indices. Materials and Methods: Longitudinal data of children's growth (height, weight, and head circumference) were as a dependent variable and type of nutrition as an independent variable with using multivariate t linear mixed model. Results: The indicated that the height, weight, and head circumference of infants who were fed with breast milk showed a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05) with those of infants receiving formula. Conclusion: Exclusive feeding with breast milk, especially in the first 6 months of life, has a significant impact on the child's growth indicators compared to formula or, or a combination of both.

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