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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 5

Expanding unilateral lung collapse using airway pressure release ventilation applied independently to the collapsed lung through the double-lumen endotracheal tube

Department of Anesthesia, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran and Anesthesiology and Critical Care Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mahmoud Saghaei
Al-Zahra Medical Center, Isfahan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jrms.jrms_390_21

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Unilateral lung collapse (ULC) is a clinical challenge in the intensive care unit and requires sophisticated treatment approaches, especially if the collapse continued over several hours. If not responded to ordinary measures such as postural drainage and bronchoscopy, it may require insertion of a double-lumen endotracheal tube and independent lung ventilation or high-pressure manual re-expansion of the collapsed lung which may result in lung injury. In this article, a safe and gradual re-expansion method using airway pressure release ventilation is presented for the treatment of a ULC.

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