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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 57

COVID-19-associated mucormycosis: A review of an emergent epidemic fungal infection in the era of COVID-19 pandemic


1 Medsupervision Pvt. Ltd., Faridabad, Haryana; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Internet of Things Research Group, Birla Institute of Technology and Sciences, Pilani Campus, Pilani, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Usher Institute, Edinburgh Medical School, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland EH8 9 AG, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Department of Computer Science and IT, Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
5 Vitrana, a Lifesciences and Pharmacovigilance Company, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
6 Department of Health Sciences, University of Genoa and Policlinico San Martino IRCCS Hospital, Genoa, Italy
7 Department of Computer Science and Information Systems, Birla Institute of Technology and Sciences, Pilani Campus, Pilani, Rajasthan, India
8 Department of Infectious Diseases, irsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Germans Trias i Pujol University Hospital, Badalona, Spain
9 Department of Infectious Diseases, AIDS Fight Foundation, Germans Trias i Pujol University Hospital, Badalona, Spain
10 Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
11 Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
12 Nosocomial Infection Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
13 Department of Infectious Disease, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
14 Division of Pediatric Dermatology, Department of Pediatrics, Imam Hossein Children's Hospital; Skin Diseases and Leishmaniasis Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
15 Isfahan Eye Research Center, Department of Ophthalmology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
16 Department of Otolaryngology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
17 Acquired Immunodeficiency Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
18 Department of Burn and Regenerative Medicine Research Center, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kazem Ahmadikia
Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
Dr. Rasoul Mohammadi
Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jrms.jrms_1090_21

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At a time when the COVID-19's second wave is still picking up in countries like India, a number of reports describe the potential association with a rise in the number of cases of mucormycosis, commonly known as the black fungus. This fungal infection has been around for centuries and affects those people whose immunity has been compromised due to severe health conditions. In this article, we provide a detailed overview of mucormycosis and discuss how COVID-19 could have caused a sudden spike in an otherwise rare disease in countries like India. The article discusses the various symptoms of the disease, class of people most vulnerable to this infection, preventive measures to avoid the disease, and various treatments that exist in clinical practice and research to manage the disease.


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