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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 2

Selected factors determining the failure to undertake physical activity in patients with multiple sclerosis in Poland


1 Institute of Health Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszow, Poland
2 Neurology Clinic with Stroke Sub-Unit, St. Hedvig Clinical Provincial Hospital, Rzeszow, Poland
3 Institute of Health Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Rzeszow; Neurology Clinic with Stroke Sub-Unit, St. Hedvig Clinical Provincial Hospital, Rzeszow, Poland

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Lidia Perenc
Institute of Health Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Rzeszow, Rejtana 16c, 35-959 Rzeszow
Poland
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jrms.JRMS_170_20

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Background: The main aim of the study was to identify selected factors that determine patients with multiple sclerosis (MS') failure to take home therapeutic exercises (HTE) and other physical activity (OPA). Materials and Methods: The study was conducted using a self-completed online survey that was aimed at adult people diagnosed with MS, registered on the portal TacyJakJa.pl. In total, 335 persons were involved. Results: Almost half of all people who completed the survey (49.9%), reported that no one encouraged them to use HTE, and only 16.1% were encouraged by their doctor. As many as 51% of the respondents reported also that no one encouraged them to undertake OPA, and only 18.5% were encouraged by their doctor. As the most important reason for not using HTE, the respondents chose fear that exercises may worsen their condition (47.3%). However, the most important reason for not using the OPA was high fatigue (61.9%). The number of people exercising at home increased with age (P = 0.013). Those surveyed with relapsing–remitting MS significantly more often (P = 0.002) took up OPA (60.7%) than the respondents with a secondary progressive MS (10.0%) and a primary progressive (4.4%). Conclusion: Physicians relatively rarely encourage patients with MS to undertake HTE and OPA. The patients do not perform HTE primarily because of fears of health deterioration or fatigue. Undertaking HTE is influenced by age but undertaking other forms of physical activity by the type of MS. Actions should be taken to popularize HTE and OPA, especially HTE among young patients.


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