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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 21

Status of breast cancer screening strategies and indicators in Iran: A scoping review


1 Breast Cancer Research Center, Motamed Cancer Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Lifestyle and Health Management Research, Medical Laser Research Center, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shahpar Haghighat
Breast Cancer Research Center, Motamed Cancer Institute, ACECR, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jrms.jrms_1390_20

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Background: This scoping review aimed to investigate the status of breast cancer (BC) preventive behaviors and screening indicators among Iranian women in the past 15 years. BC, as the most common cancer in women, represents nearly a quarter (23%) of all cancers. Presenting the comprehensive view of preventive modalities of BC in the past 15 years in Iran may provide a useful perspective for future research to establish efficient services for timely diagnosis and control of the disease. Materials and Methods: The English and Persian articles about BC screening modalities and their indicators in Iran were included from 2005 to 2020. English electronic databases of Web of Science, PubMed, and Scopus, and Persian databases of Scientific Information Database (SID) and IranMedex were used. The critical information of articles was extracted and classified into different categories according to the studied outcomes. Results: A total of 246 articles were assessed which 136 of them were excluded, and 110 studies were processed for further evaluation. Performing breast self-examination, clinical breast examination, and mammography in Iranian women reported 0%–79.4%, 4.1%–41.1%, and 1.3%-45%, respectively. All of the educational interventions had increased participants' knowledge, attitude, and practice in performing the screening behaviors. The most essential screening indicators included participation rate (3.8% to 16.8%), detection rate (0.23–8.5/1000), abnormal call rate (28.77% to 33%), and recall rate (24.7%). Conclusion: This study demonstrated heterogeneity in population and design of research about BC early detection in Iran. The necessity of a cost-effective screening program, presenting a proper educational method for increasing women's awareness and estimating screening indices can be the priorities of future researches. Establishing extensive studies at the national level in a standard framework are advised


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