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LETTER TO EDITOR
J Res Med Sci 2021,  26:83

Triaging diabetes research in perplexed COVID-19 resources: Avoiding research waste through a corpus-based approach


1 Prevention of Metabolic Disorders Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences; Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Health System Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Date of Submission11-Aug-2020
Date of Decision14-Sep-2020
Date of Acceptance30-Dec-2020
Date of Web Publication30-Sep-2021

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohsen Varzandeh
Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jrms.JRMS_920_20

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How to cite this article:
Khalili D, Varzandeh M. Triaging diabetes research in perplexed COVID-19 resources: Avoiding research waste through a corpus-based approach. J Res Med Sci 2021;26:83

How to cite this URL:
Khalili D, Varzandeh M. Triaging diabetes research in perplexed COVID-19 resources: Avoiding research waste through a corpus-based approach. J Res Med Sci [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Dec 3];26:83. Available from: https://www.jmsjournal.net/text.asp?2021/26/1/83/327221



Dear Editor,

After the emerging of COVID-19, concerns raised regarding research waste due to poor quality studies published without effective evidence-based response.[1] A torrent of coronavirus-related articles has been released within a few months after the pandemic. Although COVID-19 is a hot topic for researchers, careful steps should be taken toward shedding light on the overall approach to fund, conduct, and publish research papers to avoid research waste.

The burden of coronavirus has been globally increasing in diabetic patients.[2] Since diabetes along with other comorbidities are significant predictors of morbidity and mortality in patients with COVID-19, future research is urgently needed on COVID-19 and diabetes, and its clinical management.[3]

On the other hand, attempts should be made to systematize ongoing data by reviewing the rapidly growing body of recent research in order to present a bibliometric analysis of published papers.[4] Applying “linguistic corpora” is a very useful tool. Corpora yield trends and patterns based on the semantic relationship within texts. The value of the data from a corpus lies in the fact that researchers can compare the results of other studies or texts.[5] Thus, it is required to critically analyze the information about COVID-19 and diabetes.

The data-processing capability of empirical data helps review research trends via applying systematic citation analysis procedures to summarize and identify salient research themes which significantly contribute to the dynamic interaction of research in the literature. [Table 1] shows common terms, along with their frequency of occurrence, collocates, patterns, and comparisons in COVID-19 literature.
Table 1: Results of searching the key terms related to COVID-19 in English-Corpora.org

Click here to view


Certain diabetes corpora have been developed which give us the insight to consider them in coronavirus-related diabetes research. The advantages of using corpora instead of systematic reviews include being remarkably faster, being much easier to perform, finding quick replies to questions with a few clicks, and access to multiple relevant sources with a few clicks.

To sum up, given the potential of linguistic corpora as a tool in trendspotting research, there is compelling evidence which drives us to triage research needs during and after the coronavirus pandemic to avoid research waste using a corpus-based approach. Due to data-processing capability of a bulk of empirical linguistic data and interface with academic disciplines, using linguistic corpora, as a solution, can remarkably alleviate concerns about the waste in research by improving quality and effectiveness, that is, making corpus-based decisions and prioritizing research projects to monitor and guarantee an optimum conduction of projects and publishing papers on diabetes-COVID-19. Developing new specialized diabetes corpora, in addition to using available corpora, is strongly recommended to extract patterns and trends through natural language processing and text mining techniques by identifying semantic relations between concepts to extract patterns and trends from texts.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Glasziou PP, Sanders S, Hoffmann T. Waste in covid-19 research. BMJ 2020;369:m1847.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Singh AK, Gupta R, Ghosh A, Misra A. Diabetes in COVID-19: Prevalence, pathophysiology, prognosis and practical considerations. Diabetes Metab Syndr 2020;14:303-10.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Hussain A, Bhowmik B, do Vale Moreira NC. COVID 19 and diabetes: Knowledge in progress. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2020;162:108142.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Latif S, Usman M, Manzoor S, Iqbal W, Qadir J, Tyson G, et al. Leveraging data science to combat COVID 19: A comprehensive review. IEEE Transactions on Artificial Intelligence; 2020;1.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Kwary DA. A corpus and a concordance of academic journal articles. Data Brief 2018;16:94-100.  Back to cited text no. 5
    



 
 
    Tables

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