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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 55

Trends of human brucellosis in Central Iran (2010–2018)


1 Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Provincial Health Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4 Ala Cancer Control and Prevention Center, Isfahan, Iran
5 Ala Cancer Control and Prevention Center; Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mehrdad Zeinalian
Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jrms.JRMS_621_20

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Background: Brucellosis is one of the most common infectious diseases worldwide which is caused by direct contact with affected animals or their products. It puts a huge impact on the economy, society, and the environment. Iran is the fourth endemic country for brucellosis in the world. It has been described a new epidemiological feature of the disease and its trends in Isfahan province, as one of the endemic areas of brucellosis in Central Iran. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional, population-based study. Data collection was performed using epidemiological questionnaires through Epi-2006 software from the private and public sectors in 22 districts of Isfahan province over 9 years (2010–2018). The results were obtained by the description statistics using the SPSS Statistics software version 20 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). Results: Altogether, 5751 new brucellosis patients were recorded over 9 years. About 70% of these cases were male. The majority of cases had occurred in the age group of 21–30 years. The average incidence of brucellosis over the 9 years was 14.1 cases/100,000 population including 8.8 in the urban versus 45.2 cases in the rural areas. During the 9-year study period, the incidence of brucellosis was increased between 2010 and 2014. From 2014 to 2017, the trend has been decreasing, but in the last year of the study, the trend has been increasing again. Seasonally, the incidence rate was variable between the lowest from October to January and the highest from June to July. Conclusion: According to the fluctuation of incidence trend of brucellosis during the 9-year study period in Central Iran, it seems some policy changes regarding to the control and prevention of brucellosis have a role, changes that should be fixed and corrected.


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