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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 125

Genetic diversity of colistin resistance Nosocomial Acinetobacter baumannii strains from Iran


1 Department of Microbiology, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran
2 Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
3 Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Reza Shapouri
Department of Microbiology, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jrms.JRMS_1023_20

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Background: Drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii is a global health problem since its ability to acquire new resistance mechanisms. Here, we aimed to determine the association of common types of A. baumannii and assess their drug resistance of A. baumannii and contribution of integrons (Ints) and oxacillinase genes in Zanjan, Iran. Materials and Methods: Among 68 isolated Acinetobacters from patients, 48 isolates were A. baumannii strains. Antibiotic susceptibility pattern and colistin resistance were determined by disk diffusion and broth microdilution, respectively. The presence of Int I, II, III, and oxacillinase genes examined using polymerase chain reaction. The clonal relationship of clinical isolates of A. baumannii determined by Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis method.Results: The results showed the highest antibiotic susceptibility (58%) for colistin. 96% of isolates were considered as multidrug resistant, and 46% as extensively drug resistant, and 16% as pandrug resistant. Frequencies of Int I, II, III resistance genes were 60%, 28%, and 0%, respectively, and 12% of strains had no isoform of Ints. Frequencies of Carbapenem resistance genes were 74%, 24%, 100%, and 4% for blaOXA-23, blaOXA-24, blaOXA-51, and blaOXA-58, respectively. The above samples were group into 26 pulsotypes. Conclusion: The studied A. baumannii strains had several resistance genes, and the colistin resistance showed an extraordinary ascending tendency that could be a severe issue in nosocomial infections, and the presence of high genetic diversity indicated a variation in A. baumannii strains and possibly a variety of sources of contamination or infection.


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