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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 124

Determining the factors affecting energy metabolism and energy requirement in cancer patients


1 Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Yüksek Ihtisas University, Ankara, Turkey
2 Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Tugçe Bulmus Tüccar
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Yüksek Ihtisas University, 06520 Balgat, Ankara
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jrms.JRMS_844_20

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Cancer is the second most common cause of death worldwide. It is a generic name for a large group of diseases that can affect any part of the body. Cancer affects both energy intake through the diet and the total energy expenditure (TEE) through the changes in energy metabolism, resulting in negative or positive energy balance. Determining daily energy requirement is very important in the regulation of the nutrition therapy in a cancer patients. Due to the difficulty in directly measuring the TEE, resting energy expenditure, which is the largest component of the TEE, is often used in the determination of the energy requirement. In this study, the effects of disease-specific factors such as tumor burden, inflammation, weight loss and cachexia on energy metabolism in cancer patients were investigated.


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