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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 118

The relationship between hemoglobin A1c levels and thrombus load in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction


1 Department of Cardiology, Bursa Education and Research Hospital, Health Sciences University, Bursa, Turkey
2 Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Koc University, Istanbul, Turkey
3 Department of Cardiology, Kilis State Hospital, Kilis, Turkey
4 Department of Cardiology, Gazi Yaşargil Education and Research Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey
5 Department of Cardiology, Agri State Hospital, Agri, Turkey
6 Department of Cardiology, Kosuyolu Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
7 Department of Cardiology, Zekai Tahir Burak Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
8 Department of Cardiology, Istanbul Sultan Abdulhamid Han Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
9 Department of Midwifery, School of Health Sciences, The Konya Chamber of Commerce Karatay University, Konya, Turkey
10 Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Uludağ University, Bursa, Turkey
11 Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Medicana Hospital, Biruni University, Bursa, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Erhan Tenekecioglu
Department of Cardiology, Bursa Education and Research Hospital, Health Sciences University, Yildirim, Bursa
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jrms.JRMS_997_18

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Background: We aimed to investigate the relationship between hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and coronary thrombus load in type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Materials and Methods: Ninety diabetic patients with NSTEMI were recruited for the study. They were separated into two groups according to HbA1c levels. Forty-seven patients having HbA1c ≤6.5% formed Group-I (35 male, mean age 58 ± 10.5 years) and the remaining 43 patients with HbA1c >6.5% formed Group-II (23 male, mean age 58 ± 11.1 years). Both the groups were evaluated in terms of thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) thrombus score and Syntax score. Results: Baseline patient characteristics were comparable in both the groups. TIMI thrombus score and Syntax score were higher in Group II than in Group I (3.2 ± 1.4 vs. 4.7 ± 0.5 and 20.2 ± 3.4 vs. 26.3 ± 3.0 respectively, P < 0.05). No significant difference was found in other parameters. In stepwise linear regression analysis, prepercutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and post-PCI TIMI frame number and HbA1c were significantly related to the coronary thrombus scale. However, no significant relationship has been found between thrombus formation and hypertension, previous PCI history, pre-PCI heart rate, pre-PCI cholesterol status, and high-sensitive troponin T. Conclusion: In NSTEMI with T2DM, increased HbA1c (HbA1c >6.5%) is related with coronary thrombus in the target vessel. In those patient population, strict anticoagulation should be considered to prevent potential adverse events.


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